THE JEWEL OF INDIA – `BHARAT RATNA`


WE ALWAYS THINK OF BAD PEOPLE AND FOR A CHANGE LET US READ AND THINK OF THE LIVES OF GREAT PEOPLE WHO HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO OUR LIVES

BHARAT RATNA
BHARAT RATNA

`BHARAT RATNA` THE JEWEL OF INDIA`


The Bharat Ratna, `Jewel of India`, in English, is India’s highest civilian honour.

It is generally conferred on 23rd of January for rendering outstanding services in art, literature, scientific achievements, social service and even sports.

 

The award was instituted by the President of India on 2nd January 1954.

 

Three people can get Bharat Ratna award in one year.

 

The award can also be granted posthumously.

 

The top 4 civilian honours –Bharat Ratna , Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan , Padma Shri do not carry any prize money.  

 

On conferment of the award, the recipient receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion.


The medal or decoration is in the form of a peepal leaf, about 5.8 cm long, 4.7 cm wide and 3.1 mm thick. It is of toned bronze.

 

On its obverse is embossed a replica of the sun, 1.6 cm in diameter, below which the words Bharat Ratna are embossed in Devanagari script. On the reverse are State emblem and the motto, also in Devanagari.

 

The emblem, the sun and the rim are of platinum. The inscriptions are in burnished bronze.  The ribbon is white. The awards are produced at Kolkata Mint.

Holders of the Bharat Ratna decoration comes in seventh position jointly with former Prime Ministers, Cabinet Ministers of the Union, Leaders of Chief Opposition in the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha, Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission of India and the respective Chief Ministers of States.

List of recipients
 

 

Name

Birth / Death

Awarded

Year

Notes

1

Chakravarti Rajgopalachari

1878–1972

   1954

Independence activist, last Governor-General

2

C. V. Raman

1888–1970

    1954

Physicist

3

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

1888–1975

     1954

Philosopher, India’s First Vice President (1952-1962), and India’s Second President(1962-1967)

4

Bhagwan Das

 

1869–1958

    1955

Independence activist, author, Founder of Kashi Vidya Peeth

5

Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya

1861–1962

   1955

Civil engineer, Diwan of Mysore

6

Jawaharlal Nehru

 

1889–1964

  1955

Independence activist, author, first Prime Minister

7

Govind Ballabh Pant

 

1887–1961

  1957

Independence activist, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Home Minister

8

Dhondo Keshav Karve

 

1858–1962

  1958

Educator, social reformer

9

Bidhan Chandra Roy

1882–1962

  1961

Physician, Chief Minister of West Bengal

10

Purushottam Das Tandon

 

1882–1962

  1961

Independence activist, educator

11

Rajendra Prasad

1884–1963

1962

Independence activist, jurist, first President

12

Zakir Hussain

1897–1969

1963

Independence activist, Scholar, third President

13

Pandurang Vaman Kane

 

1880–1972

1963

Indologist and Sanskrit scholar

14

Lal Bahadur Shastri

1904–1966

1966

Posthumous, independence activist, second Prime Minister

15

Indira Gandhi

1917–1984

1971

Third Prime Minister

16

V. V. Giri

1894–1980

1975

Trade unionist and fourth President

17

K. Kamaraj

1903–1975

1976

Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu State

18

Mother Teresa

1910–1997

1980

Catholic nun, founder of the Missionaries of Charity

19

Vinoba Bhave

1895–1982

1983

Posthumous, social reformer, independence activist

20

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

1890–1988

1987

First non-citizen, independence activist

21

M. G. Ramachandran

1917–1987

1988

Posthumous, film actor, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu

22

B. R. Ambedkar

1891–1956

1990

Posthumous, Chief architect of the Indian Constitution,Crusader against Untouchablity, Dalit Icon, Social Reformer, Historian, politician, economist, and scholar

23

Nelson Mandela

b. 1918

1990

Second non-citizen and non-Indian recipient, Leader of the Anti-Apartheid movement

24

Rajiv Gandhi

1944–1991

1991

Posthumous, Sixth Prime Minister

25

Vallabhbhai Patel

1875–1950

1991

Posthumous, independence activist, first Home Minister

26

Morarji Desai

1896–1995

1991

Independence activist, fourth Prime Minister

27

Abul Kalam Azad

1888–1958

1992

Posthumous, independence activist, first Minister of Education

28

J. R. D. Tata

 

1904–1993

1992

Industrialist and philanthropist

29

Satyajit Ray

1922–1992

1992

Filmmaker

30

A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

b. 1931

1997

Aeronautical Engineer,11th President of India

31

Gulzarilal Nanda

 

1898–1998

1997

Independence activist, interim Prime Minister

32

Aruna Asaf Ali

 

1908–1996

1997

Posthumous, independence activist

33

M. S. Subbulakshmi

1916–2004

1998

Carnatic classical singer

34

Chidambaram Subramaniam

 

1910–2000

1998

Independence activist, Minister of Agriculture

35

Jayaprakash Narayan

 

1902–1979

1999

Posthumous, independence activist and politician

36

Ravi Shankar

1920–2012

1999

Sitar player

37

Amartya Sen

b. 1933

1999

Economist

38

Gopinath Bordoloi

1890–1950

1999

Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Assam

39

Lata Mangeshkar

b. 1929

2001

Playback singer

40

Bismillah Khan

1916–2006

2001

Hindustani classical shehnai player

41

Bhimsen Joshi

1922–2011

2008

Hindustani classical singer

42

C. N. R. Rao[

b. 1934

2014
(announced)

Scientist

43

Sachin Tendulkar

b. 1973

2014
(announced)

Cricketer (FIRST IN SPORTS CATEGORY)

 

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